Located in the very heart of Umbria, Bevagna is on the western edge of the plain of Foligno, at the foot of the hills where Montefalco rises, near a bend in the Timia River. An ancient Umbrian centre, the first documentation of it coincides with the Roman conquest of Umbria, when the Romans took over the area and built the western Via Flaminia (220 BCE) and other roads connecting to it. In the year 90 BCE, the town became an important Roman municipality by the name of Mevania. When the Empire fell, it became the object of various battles and was alternately dominated by Spoleto, Foligno, the Germanic Empire, Perugia and the Papal States.
The town, whose medieval (XII-XIII century) urban layout remains intact, is surrounded by walls with towers and gates. The most conspicuous Roman remains are those of a temple, which was then transformed into what was once the Church of the Madonna della Neve, a thermal springs building, which still boasts a II century BCE mosaic floor of white and black tiles depicting marine motifs, and, in the upper part of the town, an area where houses set in a semicircle trace the old theatre (two grooved marble columns now reside in the post office).
Outside of town, on the surrounding hilltops, are the Sanctuary of Madonna delle Grazie (late XVI century), the Sanctuary of Madonna della Valle and the Convent of the Annunziata (XI century), once a castle constructed to defend the area.
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